CIENCIAS METEOROLOGICAS-9
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NUBOSIDAD - Estado del tiempo en que el cielo aparece cubierto de nubes, en mayor o menor grado, referido generalmente a un momento dado y sobre una estación determinada.
NUBE - Conjunto de finas partículas de agua, líquidas o sólidas, que se mantienen en suspensión gracias a los movimientos verticales del aire. Las nubes se forman por la evaporación del agua a partir del suelo y los océanos, seguida de una condensación del vapor de agua del aire. Ésta es consecuencia de un enfriamiento de la atmósfera en contacto con una superficie fría o de una ascensión de la masa de aire, debida, por ejemplo causas dinámicas u orográficas. Existen diversos tipos de nubes, que se clasifican en tres grandes grupos: las de desarrollo vertical (cúmulos, cumulonimbos, que provocan grandes lluvias); las de desarrollo horizontal (cirros, cirroestratosltoestratos y estratos) y las de desarrollo mixto (nimboestratos, por ejemplo, que dan lluvias pertinaces). El estudio de la nubosidad es fundamental en meteorología, ya que sirve para indicar la evolución del estado de la atmósfera.
Altocumulus undulatus
Altocumulus perlucidus
Altostratus translucidus

CIRRO -
CIRROCÚMULOS -
CIRROESTRATOS -
CÚMULO -
CUMULOESTRATO -
CUMULONIMBO -
ESTRATO -
ESTRATOCÚMULO -
NIMBOESTRATO o NIMBOSTRATUS - Capa de nubes bajas que se presentan en forma densa y sombría, característica del mal tiempo.
NIMBUS - Nube de color gris oscuro. (Se utiliza en compuestos: cumulonimbus.) SIN.: nimbo.



Altocumulus - Good weather. Absence of winds means good weather will continue
Altocumulus and Cirrus at sunset - Middle water to ice clouds with brilliant white background. Precipitation likely within 20 to 24 hours if winds are from NE E to S
Altocumulus perlucidus - Water and ice clouds. Some precipitation likely within 15-20 hours if wind steady from NE to S. Other winds bring overcast sky.
Altocumulus translucidus - Water and ice clouds. Some precipitation likely within 15 to 20 hours if wind is steady NE to S Other winds bring overcast sky
Altocumulus undulatus - Precipitation likely within 15-20 hours if wind is steady NE to S. Other winds bring overcast sky. Mostly threatens precipitation
Altostratus translucidus - Precipitation likely in 10 to 15 hours if winds steady NE to S. Sun appears to be behind frosted glass. Other winds bring overcast sky.
Altostratus translucidus - Precipitation likely in 10 to 15 hours if winds steady NE to S. Sun appears to be behind frosted glass. Other winds bring overcast sky.
Altostratus translucidus - Precipitation likely within 10 to 20 hours if wind is steady from NE to S. Sun appears behind frosted glass. Other winds overcast sky
Cirrocumulus - Ice Clouds. Precipitation is likely 15-20 hours if wind NE to S, often afternoon thunderstorms. Other winds overcast
Cirrocumulus - Ice Clouds. Precipitation is likely 15-20 hours if wind NE to S, often afternoon thunderstorms. Other winds overcast.
Cirrocumulus - Ice Clouds. Precipitation likely if wind NE to S. Early summer am often afternoon thunderstorms. Other winds overcast.
Cirrostratus covering sky - Ice Clouds cover sky. Precipitation likely within 15 to 25 hours if winds steady from NE E to S, or sooner if winds SE to S. Other winds bring overcast sky.
Cirrostratus covering sky - Precipitation likely within 15 to 25 hours if winds steady from NE E to S, or sooner if winds SE to S. Other winds bring overcast sky.
Cirrostratus with halo - Precipitation likely within 15 to 24 hours if wind steady from NE to S. Prismatic effect of sun or moon through ice crystals causes halo
Cirrus above 45 degrees - High Ice Clouds. Good Weather if winds from W, NW to N. Precipitation likely within 20 to 30 hours if winds steady from NE, E to S
Cirrus fibratus - Ice Clouds. Good Weather if winds from W NW to N. Precipitation likely within 20 to 30 hours if winds steady from NE, E to S
Cirrus spissatus - Ice Clouds. Good Weather if winds from W, NW to N. Precipitation likely within 20 to 30 hours if winds steady from NE, E to S
Cirrus uncinus - High Ice Clouds. Good Weather if winds from W, NW to N. Precipitation likely within 20 to 30 hours if winds steady from NE, E to S
Cumulonimbus - Precipitation likely and soon coming usually from SW W to N. Distant clouds often show an anvil-shaped cirroform cap
Cumulonimbus calvus - Precipitation likely and soon coming usually from SW W to N. Distant clouds often show an anvil shaped-cirroform cap
Cumulonimbus capillatus - Precipitation likely and soon coming usually from SW W to N. Distant clouds often show an anvil-shaped cirroform cap
Cumulonimbus mamma - Seldom seen low to middle clouds associated with severe wind squalls, hail, heavy precipitation, tornadoes and thunderstorms
Cumulus congestus - Cloud tops forming altocumulus cumulogenitus usually bring precipitation in 5-10 hours including gusty winds, thundershowers and wind squalls Cumulus congestus - If clouds form from SW to NW, precipitation with gusty winds and thunderstorms or wind squalls are likely within 5 to 10 hours.
Cumulus congestus - If clouds form from SW to NW, precipitation with gusty winds and thunderstorms or wind squalls are likely within 5 to 10 hours.
Cumulus congestus fracto stratus - Precipitation of long duration if winds from NE to S, or shorter with other winds
Cumulus fractus - Fair weather clouds broken up by strong winds. No precipitation unless winds steady NE to S, then cumulus fractus indicates bad weather
Cumulus humillis - Fair weather clouds if they show no vertical development. Can build up and develop into cumulus congestus or cumulonimbus clouds.
Cumulus with vertical growth - Fair weather clouds building up vertically often indicate cumulus congestus and cumulonimbus, which bring afternoon showers
Nimbostratus - Rain or snow clouds. Precipitation of long duration if winds NE to S, or shorter duration if winds are SW W to N
Nimbostratus -Rain or snow clouds. Precipitation of long duration if winds NE to S, or shorter duration if winds are SW W to N
Stratocumulus at sunset - Low to middle water clouds with gold, pink, amber, lavender or rosy background. No precipitation likely within 20 -24 hours
Stratocumulus at sunset - Low water clouds of dark indian red color. Precipitation in 12 to 20 hours if winds from NE to S. Other winds bring overcast sky.
Stratocumulus opacus - Immediate threat of bad weather from a sprinkle to heavy precipitation. If at head of cold front - gusty winds or thunder shower
Stratocumulus stratoformis - Immediate threat of bad weather from a sprinkle to heavy precipitation. If at head of a cold front - gusty winds or thundershower Stratus - Winds from NE to S may bring heavy precipitation. Other winds may bring only a light drizzle or overcast sky

 
 

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